An initial pilot project involving two Interprofessional Education (IPE) workshops was carried out at the Université de Montréal (UdeM) in 2008-2009. This first project was very successful: nearly 800 second- and third-year students in five health sciences programs (medicine, nursing, nutrition, occupational therapy and pharmacy) took part.
In October 2009, the Interfaculty operational committee was created to develop and implement a credited curriculum of IPE courses shared and embedded into health sciences and psychosocial sciences undergraduate programs. The main objective of this IPE curriculum was to provide students with an opportunity to develop interprofessional collaboration competency within a patient-centred approach.
In 2009-2010, four additional programs were added to the IPE curriculum: audiology, speech-language pathology, physiotherapy and social work.
In October, 2010, Dr. Jean-Lucien Rouleau, the former dean of the Faculty of medicine, created the Faculty office of patient-partner expertise, under the direction of a patient. This Office promotes the views and concerns of patients and their informal caregivers family in the academic setting, in the university-affiliated healthcare network and among groups of researchers. This Office's main objectives are to create a partnership with healthcare professionals and foster the development of communication and collaboration practices with patients and their family. Representatives from this Office sit on the Interfaculty operational committee and are involved in all aspects of the development, planning and management of IPE courses.
In 2010-2011, three compulsory one-credit CSS (collaboration in health sciences) courses were created and embedded into the undergraduate curriculum of participating professions, the only exception being for psychology students, for whom an optional postgraduate course is offered in the clinical psychology doctoral program. One CSS course is embedded into each of the first three years of the undergraduate programs: CSS1900, CSS2900 and CSS3900.
In 2012-2013, the CSS1900 course was embedded into the curriculum for first-year optometry students, who will continue such training in the following years with the CSS2900 and CSS3900 courses.
In 2013-2014, the CSS1900 course was embedded into the curriculum for first-year kinesiology and dentistery student courses in the years to follow.
In 2015-2016, students the Health Services Administration program will take the CSS1900 course, starting in the winter of 2016, and then the CSS3900 courses in the years to follow.
At the same time, the involvement of representatives from the Faculty office of patient-partner expertise, has contributed toward the development of the conceptual framework taught. Initially, the "patient-centred care" approach was promoted and then evolved toward "care in partnership with patients and their informal caregivers". To illustrate and apply this concept of partnership in care, patients-as-trainers were gradually integrated into IPE workshop discussion groups and now they are actively co-leading the workshops with clinicians. Since 2013, Faculty office of patient-partner expertise has became the Collaboration and patient partnership unit under the vice-dean continuous development of professional skills of the Faculty of Medicine.